Tennessee Promise Evaluation
Author: Lauren Spires
In 2022, the Comptroller’s Office of Research and Education Accountability (OREA) released an update to its ongoing evaluation of the Tennessee Promise Scholarship program.
Established by the Tennessee General Assembly in 2014, the Tennessee Promise Scholarship gives recent high school graduates the opportunity to earn an associate degree or technical diploma free of tuition and mandatory fees. To date, seven cohorts of students have enrolled in college as part of the Promise program, beginning in fall 2015. Cohort 8 will enroll in college in fall 2022. This brief provides a program update and analysis of key metrics that measure the program’s success in increasing college access and completion among recent high school graduates. Key conclusions include:
- Tennessee’s college-going rate has been declining since 2017, reaching a 10-year low in 2020.
- Some Promise requirements were waived or adjusted due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including hosting the mandatory mentor meeting as a virtual webinar, waiving community service requirements, providing gap year eligibility to students who graduated from high school in 2020, and extending application deadlines.
- Cohort 6, which began college in fall 2020, was the largest Promise cohort to enroll in college since the program began in fall 2015. This may be partly due to waived or adjusted application requirements.
- Despite extended deadlines for some application requirements, cohort 7 applied for Promise and filed the FAFSA at lower rates than previous cohorts. According to preliminary data, cohort 7, which began college in fall 2021, appears to have enrolled in college at lower rates than previous cohorts.
- Promise student success rates declined slightly across the first three cohorts (2015-2017). The percentage of Promise students who earned a credential within three years declined from 35.4 percent to 34.1 percent. At the same time, the percentage of Promise students who dropped out of college before earning a credential increased slightly from cohort 1 to 3, from 48.8 percent to 50.7 percent.
- The state is currently on track to meet the Drive to 55 goal, but existing efforts may not be enough to keep the state on track to achieve the goal of having 55 percent of Tennesseans with a postsecondary credential by 2025. Based on the most recent data available, Tennessee’s attainment rate is 46.8 percent.
The brief also provides an update on the Tennessee Promise endowment, which totaled $775 million at the end of fiscal year 2021, and the Tennessee Promise Completion Grant pilot program.
OREA continues to study the Tennessee Promise Scholarship, as required by state law, and anticipates releasing its next evaluation of the program in 2024.
Authors: Lauren Spires and Kristina Podesta
In 2021, the Comptroller’s Office of Research and Education Accountability (OREA) released a new update in its ongoing evaluation of the Tennessee Promise Scholarship Program.
The update shows more students are attending college after graduating from high school following the implementation of Tennessee Promise. Tennessee’s college-going rate increased from 58.6 percent to 64.4 percent in the first year of the program.
The program has also helped more students stay enrolled in college and on track to earning a credential, especially for the first group of program participants. The increased enrollment and retention of these students will likely result in a higher attainment rate for Tennessee in 2021 and 2022, as the first group of Promise students are included in the state’s attainment rate. The attainment rate measures the percentage of students who earn a postsecondary credential.
The increase in Tennessee’s attainment rate attributable to Tennessee Promise students is likely to slow after 2022, however. Comptroller researchers point out that the college-going rate did not continue to rise after the initial implementation of Tennessee Promise. Four years after the program’s implementation, the college-going rate had declined from 64.4 percent to 61.8 percent. In addition, the most recent data available shows fewer students remain on track to graduate compared to the first group of program participants.
Meeting Tennessee’s Drive to 55 goal will likely not be possible without increasing the number of students who enter and remain in the program. Tennessee Promise is part of the state’s Drive to 55 initiative to increase the percentage of Tennesseans with a postsecondary credential to 55 percent by 2025.
The Comptroller’s Office has developed several policy options for the General Assembly to consider relative to the decrease in enrollment and retention since the start of the program. These include possible changes to the program’s community service or full-time enrollment requirement, as well as extending program funding to cover books and fees for students who meet certain criteria. The policy options can be found in the extensive evaluation of the program published in July 2020.
Authors: Lauren Spires and Kristina Podesta
In 2020, the Comptroller’s Office of Research and Education Accountability (OREA) completed an extensive evaluation of the Tennessee Promise Scholarship Program, which was created by the General Assembly in 2014 to give more high school graduates an opportunity to earn an associate degree or technical diploma.
State law requires OREA to evaluate the program on an ongoing basis. This report includes an analysis of the first cohort of Promise students (i.e., those who applied to the program during the 2014-15 school year), and a partial analysis of cohorts two and three.
Among OREA’s conclusions:
· A larger percentage of recent high school graduates are attending college as a result of the program. Tennessee’s college-going rate increased from 58.4 percent to 64.3 percent in the first year of the program.
· Tennessee Promise students are accumulating more college credits, staying enrolled longer, and earning postsecondary credentials at higher rates than their peers. Promise students at community colleges are more than twice as likely to earn a credential when compared to other recent high school graduates.
· OREA identified challenges that make it difficult to participate and remain in the Promise program, however. The analysis also explores which student groups are more likely to become Promise students and earn a credential. OREA found that:
o 70 percent of Promise applicants did not become eligible for the program because they failed to meet requirements,
o 24 percent of high school seniors became Promise students, and
o 75 percent of Promise students at community colleges did not earn a credential within the five semesters of Promise eligibility.
While Tennessee Promise has increased the number of college attendees, meeting Tennessee’s Drive to 55 goal will likely not be possible without increasing the number of students who enter and remain in the program.
OREA has included several policy options for the General Assembly in its evaluation. These include changes that could be made to increase the number of students who apply for scholarships, become Promise students, remain in the program, and earn a credential.
The Comptroller’s Office of Research and Education Accountability (OREA) is required by state law to study and evaluate the effectiveness of the Tennessee Promise Scholarship Program every four years. Established by the Tennessee General Assembly in 2014, the Tennessee Promise Scholarship gives recent high school graduates the opportunity to earn an associate degree or technical diploma free of tuition and mandatory fees.
OREA’s first evaluation of the scholarship was published in 2020 and received the Excellence in Research Methods Award from the National Legislative Program Evaluation Society. OREA was one of two offices in the United States that received the prestigious national award in 2021. In 2023, OREA's evaluation of Tennessee Promise also received a Certificate of Impact from the National Legislative Program Evaluation Society.
OREA also publishes annual updates which provide program updates and analysis of key metrics that measure the program’s success in increasing college access and completion among recent high school graduates. OREA anticipates releasing its next evaluation of Tennessee Promise in 2024.